By Deborah Khan
Good early childhood care and education has strong, long lasting, positive effects on children’s development (Hendrick & Weismann, 2010). Early learning experiences have a decisive impact on how children function as adults and subsequently on how they affect society. Positive experiences and warm responsive care can enhance brain development. Negative experiences can do the opposite. During these formative years, there are prime times for acquiring different kinds of knowledge and skills.
Early childhood care and education is defined as group settings deliberately intended to affect children from birth to eight years of age (Gordon & Browne, 2011). In the context of this paper, the settings referred to begin with preschool, which caters for children three to five years of age and continues to the primary school through the kindergarten or the infant department. The transition between these two institutions is very significant.